A. Active and Passive Form: The Verbs can be either Active or Passive, and Transitive verbs have both Active and Passive forms. Active verbs form efficient, powerful sentences.
a. The Active form is the subject of the sentence performs the action in the sentence, we say what the subject does. (e.g. The girl was washing the dog.)
b. The Passive form is the subject of the sentence has an action done to it by someone or something else, we say what happens to the subject, and who or what causes the action is often unknown or unimportant. (e.g. The dog was being washed by the girl.)
B. Passive Forms: The Passive forms are made up of the verb be (is/ was etc.) + past participle (done/ cleaned/ seen etc.)
D. Passive Form: Two Objectives - verbs which can have two objectives are: ask, offer, pay, show, teach, tell, etc.
E. Passive Form Uses
E1. We say 'I was born' (not I am born). I was born in Seoul. or Where were you born? (not Where are you born?) How many babies are born every day?